Friday, November 29, 2013

I`m a visitor in a real house of a fictional character - Sherlock Holmes...

Hi! Today we are going to visit one of the interesting museums in London! It is Sherlock Holmes Museum. Amazing, isn't it? 

Lets begin!

This museum is situated in the center of London, approximately 150-180 meters from Baker Street Station.  Therefore, the address for here is 221 Baker Str. 

In front of the building, there is always queue. The density of population in this queue depends on time, seasons and other reasons. 

Next to the main entrance of museum, you are able to see a door to the museum shop. There are a lot of souvenirs related to a well-known detective.
Right here, the tickets for museum are also sold. Unlike to other famous museums in London, it is not free of charge and the ticket costs £6.

Right here, the tickets for museum are also sold. Unlike to other famous museums in London, it is not free of charge and the ticket costs £6.

This is a ticket.

So after buying ticket, you take a place in the queue. The museum is four-storeyed brick-red building with white windows.  
And here we are! We entered the building.  As in English houses this floor is not considered as 1st one, it is a ground floor. Even in the entrance, you can feel the spirit of old house and warmth here. The museum has been designed very well, as it feels like you are really in the house with detective and right now he will sit near of you with a cup of coffee in his hand.
All right… In the both sides of entrance, you can see old mirror and frames with photos. The corridor is quite narrow and at the end of it, there are 17 squeaking wooden stairs which assist to go up.

Now, we are in the first floor. There are two rooms here. In the on side, there is a small bedroom of Sherlock Holmes.  Here, you can see a bed and personal belongings of the detective on it. Instead of it, you can see wardrobe, mirror and a lot of photos on the wall.

The other room in this floor is called a seating room with two windows in which Holmes and Watson spent their free time.  There are sofas, fire-place, a table with dinner-set and other objects. In this part, you can sit on the sofa and feel yourself like a detective with his smocking pipe and hat. 

In other floor, there is a bedroom of Watson. This room is simpler.

In the same floor, you can see the room of Mrs.Hudson.  It is a small light room with different objects from famous cases.

And finally in the last floor, there are wax figures. 
This is Mr. Jabez Wilson from the case "The Red-Headed League". 
An innocent man is unwittingly deceived into helping a robbery.

Dr.Roylott from The Adventure of the Speckled Band. 

The Adventure of Charles Augustus Milverton...

 The disappearance of Lady Frances Carfax. Here we can see Sherlock Holmes and Dr.Watson as well.

A dog from the case "The Hound of Baskervilles"

Finally, the roof... Here is toilet and some old things.

And here my story is finished! :) See you in other my posts!

P.S. Me or Dr.Watson? 

P.S.S. All photos are mine.

Saturday, November 23, 2013

The Father of Fuzzy Logic... The pride of my nation - Lotfi A. Zadeh

Today I decided to write in my blog about famous people from my country. And the name of Lotfi Zadeh came firstly to my mind... May be this name does not tell you so many things... However, I think it can be interesting for you to know about one of the most genius people in our world for now. I feel proud of him... As this great man is from my motherland - AZERBAIJAN. In this post i will attempt to give you some may be very little information about the Father of Fuzzy Logic... As to give comprehensive information about him can take couple of days. 

Lotfi Aliaskerzadeh was born on 4th of February in 1921 in Baku.  His father was an Iranian Azerbaijani from Ardabil and his mother was a Russian Jewish. During the time when they lived in Baku, he attended elementary school. Later on he said this school had a significant and long-lasting influence on his thinking and his way of looking at things. When he was just ten years old, his family moved to Tehran. In this city, he studied in Alborz college which was a missionary school. This school played an important role in the future of little Zadeh, which set up desire to live in the United States. Moreover, in this school he met his future wife Fay with whom he has 2 children (son- Norman and daughter- Stella) Afterwards, he graduated from University of Tehran with a degree in electrical engineering. Due to World War II, at that year only three students graduated with that degree and our Zadeh was one of them. 

During the war, he finally decided to move to US... and in 1944, he entered MIT and after two years he graduated with a MS degree of electrical engineering. In 1949, the person with full of interest to science, took his Ph.D from Columbia University where he taught as well. During the years 1950-1959, he was a member of the Department of Electrical Engineering, Columbia University. 

Afterwards, he  joined the Department of Electrical Engineering at UC Berkeley in 1959 and served as its Chair from 1963 to 1968. At that time he already started to publish his work on fuzzy set theory. And finally in 1973, he proposed his theory of fuzzy logic. It was absolutely new way of thinking and became a bright example for modern science. It assists to study objects about which sensory organs can or cannot               transfer information to the brain. Professor           Lotfi Zadeh describes it in this quotation:  
“We are at the crossroads politics, philosophy, sociology, theology and conflict resolution. of two revolutions. The first is the information revolution. This revolution created the international computer network, the Internet. The second revolution is the intelligent systems revolution. This revolution has created intelligent robots, intelligent control systems and fuzzy systems. These are all the fruit of fuzzy logic.”

Fuzzy Logic played a key role and brought fundamental changes in many fields such as biomedicine, finances, geography, ecology, nuclear science, stock market analysis and etc. It is broadly applied to Japanese electronics. 

Interesting facts
As of October 2011, Zadeh has had around 950,000 Google scholar citations.

During the Lectures
Father of Fuzzy Logic
His wife Fay Zadeh dedicated him book in 1998: "My Life and Travels with the Father of Fuzzy Logic"

with Fay Zadeh

Statistics about Lotfi Zadeh

With mother and wife

With parents
Professor in his daily life
Lotfi Zadeh's Family 
Family in 2001
Professor Lotfi Zade